IBM Contracts & Licensing
Passport Advantage and Passport Advantage Express are contracts between IBM and the customer. Passport Advantage is a kind of frame-contracts, that allows customers to buy software from IBM. Passport Advantage and Passport Advantage Express are comprehensive IBM programs that use a common set of agreements, processes, and tools. Eligible products available under the Agreements include software licenses, both One Time Charge and Fixed Term, Software Subscription and Support, plus IBM Appliances and IBM Software as a Service (SaaS) offerings.
Both Passport Advantage offerings let you:
- Acquire new IBM software licenses
- Renew Software Subscription and Support and Fixed Term Licenses
- Buy and renew technical support for some Selected Open Source and other non-warranted applications
- Subscribe to IBM SaaS offerings and acquire IBM Appliances
Passport AdvantagePassport Advantage is designed for larger enterprises and enterprises with multiple sites.
Passport Advantage ExpressPassport Advantage Express is designed for smaller enterprises and single-sites enterprises.
|Passport Advantage||Passport Advantage Express|
|Enterprise Size||Larger incl. multiple sites||Smaller with single sites|
|Minimum Initial Order Size||No||No|
|Volume Discount Available||Yes||No|
|Subscription & Support||Yes||Yes|
Software Usage Options
An IBM license grants the right to use software either indefinitely or over a fixed term, depending on the offering. Some software offerings are made available on a fixed term basis is available for on premise installation (licensed software), while others are provided by IBM in a hosted environment and referred to as Software as a Service (SaaS).
|Inital License||Indefinite for the software for which the license was obtained||For 12 months from date of acquisition||For 12 months from date of acquisition|
|Subscription & Renewal Support||Rights to Use Software Updates||For 12 months or prorated to Anniversary date on first renewal||For 12 months or prorated to Anniversary date on first renewal|
|Fixed Term License|
|Initial Term||For the length of the term||For the length of the term||For the length of the term|
|Subsequent Term||For the length of the term; prorated to Anniversary date on first renewal||For the length of the term; prorated to Anniversary date on first renewal||For the length of the term; prorated to Anniversary date on first renewal|
|Software as as Service|
Types of licenses
- IBM grants Licensee a nonexclusive license to use the software when Licensee lawfully obtains it up to the level of authorized use specified in the Proof of Entitlement (PoE). IBM licenses software for use either for a fixed term or indefinitely (depending on the type of license obtained), and as long as the Licensee complies with the terms of the license agreement. Indefinite use of software – "License + SW Subscription and Support 12 Months"
IBM provides Software Subscription and Support with each IBM software program licensed under the IBM International Passport Advantage Agreement. Software Subscription and Support begins on the date the software is obtained and ends 12 months later (on the last day of the corresponding month in the following year), unless the:
- date of acquisition is the first day of the month, in which case coverage ends on the last day of the month
- the customer elects to prorate the renewal date to align with a specific day and month when enrolling in Passport Advantage.
- IBM trade-up licenses can only be used where IBM has announced a defined path for migration from one IBM product to another and for which IBM intends to provide preferential pricing because of your previous licenses.
Differences between standard licenses and trade-up licenses
- The differences are the pricing (trade-ups are lower in price than their standard license counterparts), and the requirement that you give up your right to use the product(s) that qualified you to obtain the replacement product licenses at trade-up prices.´
Customers can renew their Software Subscription and Support for another 12 month.
If at a later date the customer wishes to reinstate his Software Subscription and Support, he may do so, however, the cost of "Software Subscription and Support Reinstatement" is far greater than the annual renewal rate.
IBM License Metrics
These are the commonly used license metrics used by IBM distributed software programs acquired through the Passport Advantage program. Capacity based licensing aligns to the capacity of the machine(s) on which the program is installed or the machine(s) that the program manages. User based licensing aligns to the number of users given access to the program.
Below is a synopsis definition for each of these commonly used metrics. They have been provided as a quick reference only to provide a basic understanding of each metric.
|User Based Licensing|
|Authorized User||An Authorized User is a unique person who is given access to the Program. The Program may be installed on any number of computers or servers and each Authorized User may have simultaneous access to any number of instances of the Program at one time. Licensee must obtain separate, dedicated entitlements for each Authorized User given access to the Program in any manner directly or indirectly through any means.|
A Floating User is a person who is accessing the Program at any particular point in time. An Install is an installed copy of the Program on a physical or virtual disk made available to be executed on a computer. The Program may be installed on any number of computers or servers, but if the Floating User simultaneously accesses more than one Install of the Program, the Floating User requires a separate entitlement for each such Install.
Licensee must obtain separate entitlements for each Floating User simultaneously accessing the Program on each Install in any manner directly or indirectly through any means.
|Concurrent User||A Concurrent User is a person who is accessing the Program at any particular point in time. Regardless of whether the person is simultaneously accessing the Program multiple times, the person counts only as a single Concurrent User. Licensee must obtain an entitlement for each simultaneous Concurrent User accessing the Program in any manner directly or indirectly through any means.|
|User Value Unit (UVU)||UVU Proof of Entitlement (PoE) are based on the number and type of Users for the given Program. Licensee must obtain sufficient entitlements for the number of UVUs required for Licensee's environment as defined by the specific software terms. The UVU entitlements are specific to the Program and type of user and may not be exchanged, interchanged, or aggregated with UVU entitlements of another program or type of user.|
|Capacity Based Licensing|
|Processor Value Units (PVU)||The number of PVU entitlements required is based on the processor technology (defined within the PVU Table by Processor Vendor, Brand, Type and Model Number) and the number of processors made available to the Program. IBM continues to define a processor, for the purpose of PVU-based licensing, to be each processor core on a chip. A dual-core processor chip, for example, has two processor cores.
Licensee can deploy the Program using either Full Capacity licensing or Virtualization Capacity (Sub-Capacity) licensing according to the Passport Advantage Agreement Terms.
|Server||A server is a physical computer that is comprised of processing units, memory, and input/output capabilities and that executes requested procedures, commands, or applications for one or more users or client devices. Where racks, blade enclosures, or other similar equipment is being employed, each separable physical device (for example, a blade or a rack-mounted device) that has the required components is considered itself a separate server. Licensee must obtain Server entitlements for each server made available to the Program, regardless of the number of processor cores and/or partitions in the server or the number of copies of the Program on the server.|
|Virtual Server||A virtual server is either a virtual computer created by partitioning the resources available to a physical server or an un-partitioned physical server. Licensee must obtain Virtual Server entitlements for each virtual server made available to the Program, regardless of the number of processor cores in the virtual server or the number of copies of the Program on the virtual server.|
|Install||An Install is an installed copy of the Program on a physical or virtual disk made available to be executed on a computer. Licensee must obtain an entitlement for each Install of the Program.|
|Client Device||A Client Device is a single user computing device or special purpose sensor or telemetry device that requests the execution of or receives for execution a set of commands, procedures, or applications from or provides data to another computer system that is typically referred to as a server or is otherwise managed by the server. Multiple Client Devices may share access to a common server. A Client Device may have some processing capability or be programmable to allow a user to do work. Licensee must obtain entitlements for every Client Device which runs, provides data to, uses services provided by, or otherwise accesses the Program and for every other computer or server on which the Program is installed.|
|Resource Value Units (RVU)||RVU Proofs of Entitlement are based on the number of units of a specific resource used or managed by the Program. Licensee must obtain sufficient entitlements for the number of RVUs required for Licensee's environment as defined by the specific software terms. RVU entitlements are specific to the Program and the type of resource and may not be exchanged, interchanged, or aggregated with RVU entitlements of another program or resource.|